People turn to orthodontists when it comes to fixing problems like crooked teeth and malocclusion to improve the appearance and functionality of their teeth. Since crooked teeth and crowded teeth are harder to keep clean, they are at risk of being lost to tooth decay and gum disease.
Straighten your smile with a visit to an orthodontist
Orthodontists offer a variety of services to help straighten and improve the appearance of the teeth. However, before we get to the treatment options, it is important to understand the types of problems that require orthodontics.
How do I know if I need to see an orthodontist?
People who have any of the following conditions may be candidates for orthodontic treatment:
- Overbite: This condition causes the upper front teeth lie too far over the lower teeth when the mouth is closed.
- Underbite: This is when the lower teeth extend past the upper teeth when the mouth is closed.
- Crossbite: This occurs when the upper and lower teeth are closed and the upper teeth do not come down in front of the lower teeth.
- Spacing: This is when there are gaps between the teeth due to a missing tooth or not having enough teeth in the mouth.
- Crowding: This is when there are too many teeth in the upper arch, lower arch or both.
How are orthodontic problems treated?
Some of the treatment options an orthodontist can use to fix a smile include:
These are the most common orthodontic devices dentists use to straighten teeth because they are the most effective. They consist of brackets, elastic bands and wires. The brackets are bonded to the surface of the front teeth and serve as the anchors for the braces. The wires are run through the brackets and are secured using the elastic bands. They are then tightened to put tension on the teeth, gradually moving them into the desired position.
Traditional braces are made of materials like:
- Stainless steel
- Combination of materials
These are similar to traditional braces. However, instead of the brackets being bonded to the front surface of the teeth, they are bonded to the surface on the back of the teeth, which is why they are also known as invisible braces. Like traditional braces, lingual braces use brackets and wires to gradually move teeth into the desired position.
These are popular orthodontic devices that are used by people who want to straighten their teeth discreetly. They are made from a clear plastic material that is customized to fit over an individual’s teeth and are effective in treating a lot of orthodontic problems, with the exception of severe bite problems.
Unlike traditional braces, which are fastened to the teeth and cannot be removed by anyone other than an orthodontist, clear aligners are removable, which allows the user to remove them before eating and when they want to brush their teeth.
Orthodontists can effectively fix problems with the teeth and restore their functionality. If you have crooked teeth and want to get them straightened, schedule an appointment with an orthodontist to go over your treatment options.
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