Patients who have issues such as cracked, fractured, missing or decayed teeth may need a dental restoration to help improve their smiles. There are numerous treatment options available to repair teeth.
Dental restoration treatments
These are the most common procedures for patients who are in need of a smile makeover.
This restoration is one of the most common treatments in dentistry. Fillings are typically used to treat damaged teeth that have decayed but can also repair cracked or worn teeth. The procedure involves removing any decay and using a filling material, such as composite resin, silver, gold or amalgam, to fill the tooth. This helps to seal and protect the teeth and prevent further decay issues.
A bridge is a type of dental restoration for treating a missing tooth or teeth. This option involves the fabrication of false teeth known as pontics that are placed between a patient’s real teeth. Usually, to install a bridge, two or more crowns are placed on each side surrounding the area of the missing tooth. Bridges are made of porcelain fused to metal or ceramics and are durable. The procedure is important for patients who have lost a tooth as it can prevent facial sagging from jawbone loss as well as teeth shifting and crowding, which can lead to an increased risk of decay.
A crown is a fabricated cover that is placed over a tooth. They are used in the treatment of damaged, weak and worn teeth, as well as those that are misshapen and stained. The procedure involves taking an impression of the teeth that is sent to a lab for creation of the crown. The dentist then ensures it fits with the other teeth before it is cemented into place. A crown can be made of porcelain, metal, ceramic or resin.
Implants are a treatment option for one or more missing teeth. An artificial tooth root, typically composed of titanium, is surgically implanted directly into the jaw. During the healing process, new bone growth helps fuse the implant firmly into place. This is known as osseointegration and takes around four to six months for optimum healing and to ensure the new bone growth is secure. After this period of time, an attachment known as an abutment is placed to connect the artificial tooth root to a crown or a set of false teeth.
Implants have become a popular restoration option due to the elimination of the frequent issues of traditional dentures, such as false teeth falling out, speech difficulties and trouble eating. Implants have the added benefit of preventing teeth shifting and facial sagging that occurs from jawbone loss.
A dental restoration is any of a number of treatments that are used to restore the function and appearance of teeth. There are many procedures available to help fix a wide array of dental issues so patients can have a beautiful, functional smile again.
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