Do You Have Periodontitis? Signs of Advanced Gum Disease

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gum disease Santa Clara, CA

Periodontitis is gum disease in its advanced stage. It is a severe gum infection that destroys the soft tissues, and if left untreated, it can damage the bone supporting the teeth and cause tooth loss or loose tooth. Periodontitis is prevalent but preventable. By knowing the signs to watch out for, patients can be proactive and visit the dentist immediately for treatment

Signs of advanced gum disease

According to statistics from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), gum disease is prevalent among people over the age of 30 and more likely to affect men. Teens hardly get periodontitis but are still prone to gingivitis. Advanced gum disease starts as gum inflammation, or gingivitis. This may be symptomless at first, but patients may notice gum bleeding when brushing. The gums may appear red and swollen, and there is usually bacterial plaque present on the teeth.

Early detection of gum disease is crucial for proper treatment. The following are signs of periodontitis.

Loose teeth

As the infection invades and spreads through the gum, the teeth can become loose. As the condition worsens, the gum pockets will get deeper. The bacteria causing the gum disease trigger the body’s immune system to attack the gum tissue and bone supporting the teeth.

Teeth sensitivity

The teeth may feel sensitive when eating or drinking. Teeth sensitivity is sometimes a sign of gum recession caused by periodontitis. This occurs because the tooth roots and nerves are exposed when the gums covering them draw away from the tooth.

Persistent bad breath

Bad breath that is recurrent (and not from food or drink) or a bad taste in the mouth may be signs of gum disease. This occurs when pustules of bacteria form in deep periodontal pockets.

Red, tender or swollen gums

The bacteria responsible for gum disease can make the gums red, swollen or inflamed. In the case of gingivitis, the inflammation will not cause pain.

Other symptoms of advanced gum disease include mouth sores, shiny gums, the presence of pus around the gums, changes in bite function, loose-fitting partial dentures and new gaps forming between the teeth.

Gum disease is a common oral health condition. People often concentrate more on their teeth and gums when it comes to oral hygiene, and the issue is easy to ignore because it is usually pain free in its initial stages. Failing to catch the obvious signs of gum disease can have devastating consequences, and it is considered one of the leading causes of tooth loss in adults. The American Dental Association (ADA) notes that although gum disease may have no noticeable symptoms, regular dental checkups are necessary to prevent and ensure early detection of the condition, even if the patient’s oral hygiene is good.

In conclusion

Periodontitis is preventable. The condition usually starts due to poor oral hygiene. Preventive measures such as brushing, flossing and regular dental checkups can help prevent the occurrence of gum disease. If you do notice any symptoms of periodontitis, visit the general dentist as soon as possible for treatment.

Request an appointment here: or call You Smile Dental at (408) 361-8133 for an appointment in our Santa Clara office.

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